Antalya lies on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey and is famous for its beautiful sandy beach with a view to the Taurus mountains. It was the world’s fourth most visited city by number of international arrivals in 2010 and had a population of 1,001,318. Antalya is the eighth most populous city in Turkey and country’s biggest international sea resort.
Antalya is in south-west Anatolia, on the Mediterranean, Gulf of Antalya, approximately 546 kilometres (339 mi) from Ankara, 562 kilometres (349 mi) from Adana, 466 kilometres (290 mi) from Izmir, and 727 kilometres (452 mi) from Istanbul.
The Taurus mountain range of southern Anatolia runs parallel to the Mediterranean in an east-west direction, resulting in the formation of narrow coastal plains surrounded by mountains on three sides and the sea on the fourth. Some parts of the coast feature mountains plunging sharply into the sea, forming small natural bays and peninsulas. Antalya is situated on one such plain where the mountains recede from the shore, consisting of two flat areas formed of travertine rock at a mean height of 35 metres (115 ft); the town center is located on the rocky plain closest the coast, with urban sprawl extending to the Kepezüstü Plain further inland.
The area is shielded from the northerly winds by the Taurus Mountains. Antalya has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. Around 300 days of the year are sunny. Antalya has over 3000 hours of sunlight per year. The sea temperature ranges between 15 °C (59 °F) during winter and 28 °C (82 °F) during summer. The air temperature reached a record high of 45 °C (113 °F) in July and a record low of −4 °C (25 °F) in February. The average air temperature ranges between the low-to-mid 30 °C (86 °F).
The economy of Antalya used to depend on a mixture of tourism, agriculture, and commerce, with some light industry. Agricultural production includes citrus fruits, cotton, cut flowers, olives, olive oil and bananas. Antalya Metropolitan Municipality’s covered wholesale food market complex meets 65% of the fresh fruit and vegetable demand of the province.
Since 2000, shipyards have been opened in Antalya Free Zone, specialized in building pleasure yachts. Some of these yards have advanced in composites boat building technology.
Kaleiçi, with its narrow cobbled streets of historic Ottoman era houses, is the old center of Antalya. With its hotels, bars, clubs, restaurants, and shopping, it has been restored to retain much of its historical character; its restoration has won the Golden Apple Tourism Prize. Cumhuriyet Square, the main square of the city, is the location for temporary open air exhibitions and performances. The city also features sites with traces of Lycian, Pamphylian, and Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture and cultures.
Old City Walls: The memorial Hadrian Arch and The Clock Tower are splendid old structures and date back to Hellenistic era.
Kaleiçi: This is the center of a city which embraced many civilizations during the history. It is now restored totaly and has became the most attractive touristic centre with its boutique hotels, restaurants, entertainment facilities and shopping opportunities. Kaleiçi preserves all the original ancient Turkish archaeological characteristics. The Antalya port marina has been completely renewed and is definitely worth visiting. The restoration activities in Kaleiçi won the Golden Apple Prize which can be considered as the Oscar of tourism.
Antalya Museum: A prize winning museum and one of the most notable archaeology museums of the world. It is also the only museum in the country with a childrens department exhibiting ancient monuments appealing to children.
Hadrians Gate: This ornamental marble arch was constructed in 2nd Century BC by the Romans in honour of the Emperor Hadrian. It is the most interesting area in the whole ancient Pamphylia region.
Kesik Minare (Broken Minaret): Almost in all postcards of Antalya, a mosque once a Byzantine Panaglia church, and later converted in to mosque…
Yivli Minaret: This fluted minaret of 13th Century was built by the Selcuks. Decorated with dark blue and turquouise tiles, the minaret eventually became the symbol of the city.
Karatay Medresesi, Hidirlik Tower, Ahi Yusuf Mescidi, Iskele Mosque, Murat Pasa Mosque, Tekeli Mehmet Pasa Mosque, Balibey Mosque, Musellim Mosque, Seyh Sinan Efendi Mosque and Osman Efendi Mosque are other places worth visiting and easily accesible on short walking distances.
Termessos: It is a Pisidyan city with remnants of an theatre, agora and an odion. It has a reputation of being the most fascinating necropolis on the Mediterranean, 35 kilometers northwest of Antalya.
Perge: 18 kms northeast of Antalya. The ruins are spread on two hills, the theatre on one and the acropolis on the other. According to the legend, Perge city was built by three heros from Troy.
Aspendos: One of the most important Pamphilian cities. It is situated on the point where the Kopru River meets the sea. Once an important port and a commercal centre. It is now hosting concerts of all kind in a historical spirit
Olmypos: Olimpos is known for a pristine little beach, a pine forest full of tumbledown marble temples, tree house-hotels, and the Chimera, a natural flame that has burned ceaselessly for millennia.